The union of two or more graphs are created. The graphs are assumed to have disjoint vertex sets.

## Details

`disjoint_union()`

creates a union of two or more disjoint graphs.
Thus first the vertices in the second, third, etc. graphs are relabeled to
have completely disjoint graphs. Then a simple union is created. This
function can also be used via the `%du%`

operator.

`graph.disjont.union`

handles graph, vertex and edge attributes. In
particular, it merges vertex and edge attributes using the basic `c()`

function. For graphs that lack some vertex/edge attribute, the corresponding
values in the new graph are set to `NA`

. Graph attributes are simply
copied to the result. If this would result a name clash, then they are
renamed by adding suffixes: _1, _2, etc.

Note that if both graphs have vertex names (i.e. a `name`

vertex
attribute), then the concatenated vertex names might be non-unique in the
result. A warning is given if this happens.

An error is generated if some input graphs are directed and others are undirected.

## See also

Other functions for manipulating graph structure:
`+.igraph()`

,
`add_edges()`

,
`add_vertices()`

,
`complementer()`

,
`compose()`

,
`connect()`

,
`contract()`

,
`delete_edges()`

,
`delete_vertices()`

,
`difference()`

,
`difference.igraph()`

,
`edge()`

,
`igraph-minus`

,
`intersection()`

,
`intersection.igraph()`

,
`path()`

,
`permute()`

,
`rep.igraph()`

,
`reverse_edges()`

,
`simplify()`

,
`union()`

,
`union.igraph()`

,
`vertex()`

## Author

Gabor Csardi csardi.gabor@gmail.com

## Examples

```
## A star and a ring
g1 <- make_star(10, mode = "undirected")
V(g1)$name <- letters[1:10]
g2 <- make_ring(10)
V(g2)$name <- letters[11:20]
print_all(g1 %du% g2)
#> IGRAPH befd8cb UN-- 20 19 --
#> + attr: name_1 (g/c), name_2 (g/c), mode (g/c), center (g/n), mutual
#> | (g/l), circular (g/l), name (v/c)
#> + edges from befd8cb (vertex names):
#> [1] a--b a--c a--d a--e a--f a--g a--h a--i a--j k--l l--m m--n n--o o--p p--q
#> [16] q--r r--s s--t k--t
```