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The eccentricity of a vertex is its shortest path distance from the farthest other node in the graph.


  vids = V(graph),
  weights = NULL,
  mode = c("all", "out", "in", "total")



The input graph, it can be directed or undirected.


The vertices for which the eccentricity is calculated.


These dots are for future extensions and must be empty.


Possibly a numeric vector giving edge weights. If this is NULL and the graph has a weight edge attribute, then the attribute is used. If this is NA then no weights are used (even if the graph has a weight attribute). In a weighted graph, the length of a path is the sum of the weights of its constituent edges.


Character constant, gives whether the shortest paths to or from the given vertices should be calculated for directed graphs. If out then the shortest paths from the vertex, if in then to it will be considered. If all, the default, then the graph is treated as undirected, i.e. edge directions are not taken into account. This argument is ignored for undirected graphs.


eccentricity() returns a numeric vector, containing the eccentricity score of each given vertex.


The eccentricity of a vertex is calculated by measuring the shortest distance from (or to) the vertex, to (or from) all vertices in the graph, and taking the maximum.

This implementation ignores vertex pairs that are in different components. Isolate vertices have eccentricity zero.


Harary, F. Graph Theory. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, p. 35, 1994.

See also

radius() for a related concept, distances() for general shortest path calculations.

Other paths: all_simple_paths(), diameter(), distance_table(), graph_center(), radius()


g <- make_star(10, mode = "undirected")
#>  [1] 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2